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What is new with Electric cars in 2024?

Electric Vehicle Trends and Challenges 2024: What to Expect in the Industry




Electric vehicles (EVs) are at the forefront of a transformative shift in the automotive industry. As concerns about climate change intensify, EVs offer a sustainable alternative to traditional (ICE) internal combustion engine vehicles. 


Advancements in technology, government policies, and a growing awareness of environmental issues drive this shift. In short, the focus is on global warming and sustainable transport. 


This is where EVs step up. 


Acknowledging the current trends and challenges in the EV market is crucial for stakeholders across the automotive spectrum.  Electric Vehicle trends in 2023


Current Trends in the Electric Vehicle Market


Surge in Fleet Sales


One of the most notable trends in 2024 is the significant increase in EV sales to fleet buyers. Companies increasingly adopt EVs to meet sustainability goals and benefit from government incentives to reduce carbon emissions. 


For example, major corporations like Amazon and UPS have expanded their EV fleets to reduce their carbon footprint and operational costs. 


The UK government’s support through grants and tax incentives for electric fleet purchases has further fuelled this trend, making EVs a financially viable choice for businesses looking to lower their impact on the environment.


Decline in Private Buyer Interest


In contrast to the surge in fleet sales, there has been a decline in EV sales to private buyers, particularly in the market for electric passenger cars. Despite growing environmental awareness, many consumers are hesitant to make the switch due to high upfront costs and concerns about the availability of charging infrastructure.


According to a survey by The Green Insurer, over half of car owners are concerned about rising insurance premiums adding to the overall cost of owning an EV.


These financial pressures, compounded by the cost-of-living crisis, are causing potential buyers to reconsider their decisions?


Advances in EV Technology


Technological advancements in electric vehicle technology continue to drive the EV market forward, with significant progress in areas such as DC fast charging. Recent developments include improvements in battery technology, which have led to longer ranges and shorter charging times.


Solid-state batteries, for instance, promise higher energy density and faster charging compared to traditional lithium-ion batteries.


Additionally, advancements in autonomous driving technology and vehicle connectivity enhance the overall driving experience, making EVs more appealing to tech-savvy consumers.


Companies like Tesla and Rivian are in charge of integrating these cutting-edge technologies into their vehicles.


Challenges Facing the Electric Vehicle Market


High Initial Costs


One of the primary issues to widespread EV adoption is the high initial cost compared to internal combustion engine vehicles. While prices are gradually decreasing, EVs remain more expensive due to the cost of advanced battery technology and other components. 


Government subsidies and incentives play an important role in making EVs more affordable for consumers. For example, the UK government offers grants for purchasing new EVs and has reduced the Value Added Tax (VAT) on EV purchases. 


However, more needs to be done to bridge the price gap and make EVs accessible to a broader audience.


Charging Infrastructure Limitations


A complete charging infrastructure is essential for the widespread adoption of EVs. The UK has made progress in expanding its network of charging stations, but there are still challenges to address. 


In rural areas, the availability of fast and reliable charging points remains limited. Case studies from countries like Norway, which boasts a robust charging infrastructure, highlight the importance of strategic investment and planning. 


The UK government’s commitment to installing more fast chargers across the country is a positive step, but ensuring equitable access in both urban and rural areas is crucial.


Consumer Confidence Issues


Many potential EV buyers are hesitant due to concerns about range anxiety and battery life. Educating consumers about the reliability and benefits of modern EVs is crucial. 


Manufacturers and governments must work together to provide accurate information and address misconceptions. Initiatives such as public awareness campaigns and test drive programs can help boost consumer confidence. 


Additionally, real-world testimonials and case studies from satisfied EV owners can be powerful tools in addressing common fears and highlighting the practical benefits of EV ownership.


Insurance Costs for EVs  Electric vehicle charging point


Insurance premiums for EVs have risen sharply, partly due to the high costs of repairs and replacement parts. Insurers are also factoring in the specialised skills

required to repair EVs, which are not yet widespread. 


According to RAC, the average insurance premium for an EV is significantly higher than for a traditional vehicle. Developing a more competitive insurance market for EVs and increasing the availability of trained technicians can help lower these costs. Insurers could also consider offering discounts for drivers who install home charging points or participate in EV education programs.


High Depreciation from new 


It has been widely reported that EV's can suffer much higher depreciation than their ICE (internal combustion engine - petrol or diesel) counterparts. And the trend is getting worse. 


According to a recent report in Carwow, the top 10 worst depreciating EV's from new lose between 26.1% and 32.1% more in their first year than they did just 12 months ago. 


High depreciation can be due to a multitude of reasons, including many that have been highlighted here already. 


It is clear, however, that these combination of reasons is seeing a downward trend in depreciation on EV cars. 


Government Policies and Incentives


UK Government Initiatives


The UK government has implemented several policies to promote EV adoption. These include grants for purchasing EVs, investments in charging infrastructure, and tax incentives. 


The government’s Road to Zero strategy aims to phase out the sale of new petrol and diesel cars by 2035, further accelerating the shift to electric. These measures are designed to make EV ownership more attractive and financially viable for both individuals and businesses. 


However, ongoing support and policy adjustments are necessary to address emerging challenges and ensure the continued growth of the EV market.


International Comparisons


Looking beyond the UK, countries like Norway and Germany provide valuable lessons in successful EV adoption. Norway, for instance, has one of the highest per capita rates of EV ownership in the world. 


These are due to comprehensive policy frameworks that include extensive subsidies, robust infrastructure development, and strong public-private partnerships. Germany’s approach includes significant investments in research and development, as well as incentives for both consumers and manufacturers. 


By comparing these international policies, the UK can identify potential areas for improvement in its own strategies.


The Future of Electric Vehicles


Predicted Market Growth


The EV market is expected to grow over the next decade, with an expected increase in the variety and availability of electric car models contributing to this market growth. Analysts predict that EVs could account for a significant percentage of new car sales by 2030. 


Key to this growth includes technological advancements, increasing environmental awareness, and stricter emissions regulations. 


The UK Government did, however, put back its plans to stop the sale of ICE new vehicles by 2030 to 2035. This move may be a concession that the infrastructure in the UK is simply not ready right now. 


Market projections from Bloomberg New Energy Finance suggest that by 2040, nearly half of all new cars sold will be electric. This anticipated growth presents opportunities for innovation, investment, and job creation in the EV sector.


Innovations on the Horizon


Upcoming innovations such as solid-state batteries promise to revolutionize the EV industry by offering greater energy density and faster charging times. Wireless charging technology is also gaining traction, potentially eliminating the need for physical charging connections. 


Additionally, moves in autonomous driving and vehicle-to-grid (V2G) technology are expected to enhance the appeal of EVs. 


Companies like Toyota and Hyundai are at the forefront of these developments, exploring new materials and designs to further improve EV efficiency and user experience.


Sustainable Transportation Ecosystem


EVs are a critical component of a broader sustainable transportation strategy. Linking up EVs with renewable energy sources and smart grid technology can further reduce carbon emissions and improve energy efficiency. 


For example, solar-powered charging stations can provide clean energy for EVs, lowering the need for fossil fuels. 


The development of a rounded economy for EV batteries, focusing on recycling and repurposing, will also be essential for long-term sustainability. Initiatives such as the EU’s battery directive aim to ensure that EV batteries are managed sustainably throughout their lifecycle.


Are used EV's the bargain in the market? 


Of course, one of the highlighted concerns with electric cars is the depreciation seen from new. However, does this also make full battery electric vehicles a bargain used car?   used electric cars for sale uk 2024


Let us look at some examples we found on Autotrader:


At the time of writing (May 2024), the Audi e-tron SUV is listed as new for £69,885. 


If you look for a 3-year-old example, a dealer can sell one with less than 40,000 miles for just under £22,500. 


A BMW iX3 is listed as £64,225 new in 2024. 


You can find a 3-year-old, 35,000 mile example at a dealer from £29,000. 


And a Tesla Model 3 is quoted at around £39,000 new today. 


You can find yourself a 3 year old example, at a dealer, starting at around £20,000 today. 


If you are looking for a bargain used EV, the retail sales market for used EVs may be the place to look. 




The electric vehicle market is pivotal, with significant opportunities and challenges ahead. Addressing the high costs, improving charging infrastructure, and boosting consumer confidence are crucial steps toward achieving widespread EV adoption. 


With continued innovation and supportive government policies, the future of electric vehicles looks promising. 


By embracing these changes and working together, we can create a more sustainable and efficient transportation ecosystem, ultimately benefiting the environment and society as a whole.



Written by Mark Griffiths, published 21/5/2024